Indian Thoughts on Education
India has always been known for its strides in education and culture. But the notion of an education for the masses has taken root in the recent past and significantly increased the demand for education. The utilitarian value of education has been the prime catalyst for this. Many thinkers of the recent past, notably, Sri Aurobindo, Swami Vivekananda, Rabindranath Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi have promoted the cause of universal education and also written eloquently about different aspects of education -- its value, its scope, its methods, and its management.
It must be recognised that the socio-political arena encountered by these thinkers has undergone a sea change in modern times. Much of their thoughts appear idealistic and apparently even irrelevant. This apparent disjoint between the values they espoused and the aspirations of modern times owes itself perhaps to a misreading of their thoughts. But their ideas are even more relevant today than it was then.
Education, minus the backbone of philosophy and idealogy soon degenerates into an industry focussing on good management in order to turn raw materials into finished goods, their value primarily being measured in terms of their marketability.
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